Birmingham, Alabama, was founded in 1871 – shortly after the U.S. Civil War had ended as a part of the Reconstruction plan started under the Lincoln administration. It was centered on manufacturing, primarily iron-and-steelworks, and was named after the manufacturing city of Birmingham, England.
Easily the largest city in Alabama, the city proper has almost 250,000 people residing there and the greater Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan area houses over 1,000,000 people. It is also home to five Fortune 1000 companies and 1 Fortune 500 company, and is the site for many major developments and breakthroughs in banking, medicine, publishing, and biotechnology.
Birmingham was founded in 1871 by real estate investors who wanted to start selling lots in the area. It was serviced by the Alabama & Chattanooga and the South & North Railroads, which served as a crossroads of sorts and gave the city validation at the time.
Soon after founding, a trading post was built by the Yielding family (who still own it to this day), and the city began to flourish. But Birmingham hasn’t been all fun and games. In the 1950’s and 60’s, the city was the center of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement, which culminated in Martin Luther King, Jr. launching his famous “Project C” campaign to rid the city (and the United States) of racial segregation. From a Birmingham jail, King wrote his famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail”.
The city is known for its manufacturing production, particularly of steel. It is the only place worldwide that has the three main components of steel (iron ore, coal and limestone) in such close proximity, and the city quickly became dependent on the manufacturing sector. From there, the economy boomed and the city grew by leaps and bounds.
However, by the time of the Great Depression, the city’s infrastructure crumbled as the farm workers bailed to find work in the bigger cities, and its source of income was cut off (because of the lack of raw materials being mined during the Depression).
However, through several key New Deal programs, Birmingham came through the depression shining, with beautification projects, cultural projects and more being cultivated to bring the city back into the limelight.
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- City of Birmingham Official Website: https://www.birminghamal.gov/
- Birmingham on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birmingham,_Alabama
- The Official Guide to Birmingham: http://birminghamal.org
- Birmingham on City Data: http://www.city-data.com/city/Birmingham-Alabama.html
Birmingham Zip Codes Include:
35201, 35202, 35203, 35204, 35205, 35206, 35207, 35208, 35209, 35210, 35211, 35212, 35213, 35214, 35215, 35216, 35217, 35218, 35219, 35220, 35221, 35222, 35223, 35224, 35226, 35228, 35229, 35231, 35232, 35233, 35234, 35235, 35236, 35237, 35243, 35244, 35246, 35249, 35253, 35254, 35255, 35259, 35260, 35261, 35266, 35270, 35282, 35283, 35285, 35287, 35288, 35290, 35291, 35292, 35293, 35294, 35295, 35296, 35297, 35298